12th Amendment: Election of President and Vice President

After the disputed election of 1800, this amendment required separate designation of presidential and vice presidential candidates. The 12th Amendment also specifies how the president and vice president are to be selected should neither candidate obtain the votes of a majority of the electors.

Sixth Amendment: Jury Trials

Defendants in criminal cases are entitled to public trials that follow relatively soon after initiation of the charges. Witnesses must be brought to the trial to testify before the defendant, judge, and jury.