The Supreme Court on sex discrimination: Searching to justify a different result

On April 17, 1905, the Supreme Court decided Lochner vs. New York, which involved New York’s regulation of the number of hours a bakery employee could work. As framed by the court, the issue was what test was to be used in assessing legislation which restricted an individual’s right to enter into contract.

Constitution Check: Would the Supreme Court uphold a ban on Super PACs closely linked to candidates?

One word has always turned up in a string of modern constitutional rulings by the Supreme Court loosening federal controls on campaign spending. That word is “independent.”